Peter Kafka

Recent Posts by Peter Kafka

Like Your Kindle Books Cheap? Don’t Get Too Used to It.

kindle-9xxd2Are you one of those Kindle owners who stuffs your device with cheap e-books? Enjoy it now, say analysts at Bernstein Research. Because they’re not going to stay cheap, or at least, not quite as cheap, forever.

One of the chief selling points of Amazon’s (AMZN) Kindle is that once you’ve paid $359 or more for the e-book reader, you can start recouping your investment by buying digital books for much less than it costs to buy their physical counterparts. And the vast majority of Kindle downloads are indeed priced at $9.99 or less (and a third of them are freebies):

kindle-title-pricing

Digital books should be higher-margin products than physical ones since the cost to produce and distribute them is so much lower. And they will generate higher margins eventually. But right now, Amazon is subsidizing the cost of those $9.99 books, which means they’re just barely profitable.

Bernstein analysts Claudio Aspesi and Jeffrey Lindsay estimate that Jeff Bezos and company record an operating profit of 61 cents on each $9.99 e-book they sell. But a $24.95 hardcover generates $4.25 in operating profit. That’s a 7 to 1 ratio, and that can’t continue, indefinitely.

The good news: Aspesi and Lindsay argue that Bezos doesn’t have to raise his prices by that much to make his e-books much more profitable. Bumping up best-seller prices from $9.99 to $12.50 would boost his profits from 6 to 20 percent per book, they estimate. The flip side: Costs for the devices themselves will certainly go down.


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There’s a lot of attention and PR around Marissa, but their product lineup just kind of blows.

— Om Malik on Bloomberg TV, talking about Yahoo, the September issue of Vogue Magazine, and our overdependence on Google