Mike Isaac

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Strange Tweets: What Happened to the Ahmed Jabari Assassination Video?

Since early Wednesday morning, all eyes have been on the developing digital landscape of the Middle East. Israel Defense Forces have launched a full-scale social media assault on Hamas in conjunction with a tactical military campaign.

The IDF’s Twitter account has received the most attention, especially after the group tweeted a link to a YouTube video depicting the confirmed assassination of Hamas leader Ahmed Jabari.

But something strange happened to the tweet. For about three hours, the original assassination video disappeared from the tweet in question, swapped with an entirely different one. I don’t have a screen grab (note: always take screenshots!), but I do have confirmation from my colleague Peter Kafka, as well as the IDF itself.

(See the entire video here.)

There’s a problem: The content of a tweet can’t be edited after it has been posted to the service. Either the tweet stands as it is, or the user can delete it from their stream. But changing what’s inside? Doesn’t happen.

Thus far, no one has been able to explain to me exactly what’s going on.

But to me, it looks like there are three possible answers here:

Situation A: Someone inside Twitter screwed up. Maybe an engineer pressed the wrong button, maybe there was a mix-up in links this morning when YouTube accidentally took down the original assassination video.

Situation B: Someone inside YouTube screwed up. After accidentally taking down the first video, perhaps an engineer put a different one back up in its place.

Or situation C: An outsider figured out how to change — or hack, if you want to call it that — the link inside the tweet. Perhaps they’ve figured out a backdoor way to hijack the original YouTube link and redirect it to a separate video. The infamous hacker cohort Anonymous says it is taking action against the IDF, though there’s no immediate evidence that this is what happened here.

Update 1:15 PT What I’ve been able to confirm is this: The text of the link inside the tweet itself did not change during the period the swapped video was being displayed. So it’s possible that the link was re-directed to go to the separate video that was playing for three hours.

We’re not going to get any insight from Twitter right now. They’ve stonewalled the press for days, and I figure we won’t be getting a response until the company has fully thought through its whole stance on the still-developing situation. (Not that I blame them entirely. This is pretty new ground for the Web, not to mention the history of warfare itself.)

YouTube, too, isn’t saying anything beyond what it told us this morning, when it accidentally took down the assassination video.

The IDF provided me with this vague statement: “We are aware that there was a brief technical error regarding a shortened link that redirected to an IDF video posted as part of operation ‘Pillar of Defense.’ The issue has since been resolved; we do not believe that error can be attributed to maliciousness or hacking.”

Bigger picture here: To see a change in what amounts to a fundamental part of Twitter’s structure is a big deal. Once a tweet is posted, it becomes canon. Even if you delete it yourself, there are cached copies that float around the Web ad infinitum. To alter the actual content of what you tweeted? That’s unprecedented.

Would be nice to get some clarification here, but I’m not holding my breath.


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The problem with the Billionaire Savior phase of the newspaper collapse has always been that billionaires don’t tend to like the kind of authority-questioning journalism that upsets the status quo.

— Ryan Chittum, writing in the Columbia Journalism Review about the promise of Pierre Omidyar’s new media venture with Glenn Greenwald